Sinusitis is an inflammation of the nasal sinuses-the hollow cavities between the check bones and behind the eyes. There are two types of sinusitis. Acute sinusitis, which is caused by a bacterial infection or allergies. Also, complication from a common cold can also develop into acute sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis is a recurrent inflammatory disorder or chronic infection occurring 3 or more times a year and is caused by a bacterial infection.
Normal sinuses work together with the nose to moisten warm and filter the air we breathe. The sinuses are also supposed to drain away t he unwanted fluid or germs that collect. Anything that may block this flow of fluid or mucus through the narrow sinus opening can allow germs to collect and cause infection.
Difference between sinusitis and a cold or allergies?
Who develops sinusitis?
Sinusitis is one of the most common healthcare complaints. People of all ages can develop sinusitis, even children. Symptoms of a cold should clear up in 5-7 days. So, if your child's "cold" symptoms last longer, it could be sinusitis.
Is there a relationship between sinusitis and other allergic disorders?
Allergies can trigger inflammation of the sinuses and the nasal mucous lining. This inflammation prevents the sinus cavity from cleaning out bacteria and increases the chances of developing a secondary sinusitis infection. Sinusitis can also trigger asthma. Research has shown that 75% of severe asthmatics also suffer from sinusitis.
How is sinusitis treated?
If the sinus infection is bacterial treatment usually begins with an antibiotic. Decongestants or nasal sprays may help reduce blockage and control allergies. If one has severe allergies, long term treatments like immunotherapy can be an effective treatment. By reducing the allergy symptoms you can possibly prevent sinusitis. Other helpful recommendations include washing the nasal cavity with saline spray. Controlling sinusitis can improve asthma symptoms and make asthma management more effective. It is important to see your physician to develop an individual treatment plan.